Identifying Signs, Causes, and Treatment of Common Learning Disabilities

Do you think that your child or even you may be living with a learning disability? If so, identifying signs and symptoms of these developmental issues can help to pinpoint the best type of treatment. So, check out some of the signs and symptoms of common learning disabilities. And, learn more about the treatment services available.

What are Learning Disabilities?

Learning disabilities are neurological conditions that affect how the brain sends and receives signals. These brain signals are related to learning, processing information, and problem-solving. So, people diagnosed with learning disabilities may have trouble with these aspects of their lives. In most cases, common learning disabilities are diagnosed during childhood as these symptoms are apparent in early classroom settings. But, it’s possible that adults can be diagnosed with these disorders as well, although it’s not as likely as a childhood diagnosis.

What are Some Common Learning Disabilities?

Examples of common learning disabilities include:

Dyscalculia: This disorder is characterized by trouble learning and processing numbers, which makes mathematics a difficult subject.

Dysgraphia: The characteristics of this learning disorder include difficulties with handwriting and the motor skills involved in writing.

Dyslexia: One of the most commonly recognized learning disorders, dyslexia is when a person has trouble with processing information through reading and writing.

Non-Verbal Disabilities: These types of learning disabilities involve having difficulty with identifying and processing nonverbal information including signals, facial expressions, and body language. People with this disability may also struggle with coordination.

Language Disorder/Reading Comprehension Deficit: These disorders are specific to reading, writing, and language. People with these types of learning disabilities have trouble with understanding and digesting language, either spoken or written.

ADHD: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is characterized by an inability to remain focused, hyperactivity, and behavioral issues.

Executive Functioning Disorders: People diagnosed with these types of learning disabilities may have trouble with higher functioning including organization, time management, and paying attention to details.

It’s important to note that some people experience more than one learning disability. This may make it more difficult to understand which issue you may be living with. But, mental health professionals can help to pinpoint and diagnose multiple learning disabilities at once so that the best plan of treatment is identified and made available to you.

What Causes Learning Disabilities?

Learning disabilities are hard to prevent because there isn’t one thing that leads to their development. And, some of the causes of learning disabilities are uncontrollable and unpreventable. Some of the causes of learning disabilities are believed to include:

Genetics: Family history has an impact on genetics that can lead to the development of learning disabilities. So, if other people in your family have been diagnosed with learning disabilities, you have a higher chance of developing these learning disabilities yourself.

Birth Defects or Illness: Some things that happen before or during birth can have effects on a baby that can lead to the development of learning disabilities. These can include certain illnesses, injuries, or birth defects.

Other Disabilities: Having concurring learning disabilities raises the risk of other learning disabilities developing. So, if you have already been diagnosed with a learning disability, this can increase the chance that you’ll develop another.

Infant Stress: Certain stress during pregnancy and during infancy can lead to a higher risk of developing learning disabilities. This can include malnutrition, injury, or sickness.

Exposure: Certain environmental factors can lead to the development of learning disabilities including exposure to specific toxins in the air like lead or pollution.

Treatment for Learning Disabilities

There are a few various treatments to help people living with common learning disabilities. Traditionally, treatment involves psychiatric medications (both stimulants and non-stimulants) and behavioral therapy. Southcoast Psychiatric Services offers outpatient treatment for both adults and children living with the debilitating effects of learning disabilities. Learn more about our outpatient services on our website.